Journal of Extension Systems

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2014, Volume 30(2), December

EDITORIAL, Fabio M. SANTUCCI

  1. Comparative Assessment of Communication Methods used by Extension Agents in Disseminating Horticultural Innovations in Ikorudo Area, Nigeria, Agbelemoge ADEYANJU, Paul F. OROWOLE
  2. Influence of Managerial Behaviour on Agricultural Employees' Job Performance , Bolaji G. ABIONA, Michael T. AJAYI, Oluwakemi E. FAP Oruwo
  3. Work Conditions and Agricultural Employees' Job Retention in a Federal Agricultural Institution Ogun State, Oluwakemi E. FAPOJUWO, Michael T. AJAYI, Bolaji G. ABIONA
  4. Awareness of Poultry Farmers on Quail Production in Kwara State, Nigeria: Implication for Extension Service Delivery on Protein Nutritional Sustainability , Felix O. OLADIPO, Oluwasogo D. OLORUNFEMI, Lawal L.ADEFALU, Babatunde M. MATANMI, Aladele G. BELLO
  5. Agricultural Advisory Services Between National and Donors' Policy Frameworks in Benin , Ismail MOUMOUNI, Xavier B. MOUZOUN, Aurelle de ROMEMONT, Guy FAURE
  6. Impact of Agricultural Extension Services on Innovation Adoption in Italy , Marcello De ROSA, Felice ADINOLFI, Fabian CAPITANIO, Renato SALVATORE
  7. Potential of Tablet-PCs in Agricultural Education , Donna DEEGAN, Padraig WIMS, Tony PETTIT
  8. Adoption Level of Demonstrator and Non-Demonstrator Groundnut Growers in Saurashtra Region of Gujarat State , Girish DESHMUKH, Jaydip PATOLIYA

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Editorial

This second issue of 2014 is the last one under my coordination and supervision. Three years have passed since I was invited to act as Academic Editor of JES and now new institutional duties, at my University in Italy, demand all my time.

In the last three years, I have tried to improve the quality of the articles and the overall quality of the Journal, with the goal of being accepted by the international ranking systems.

In my efforts, I have been helped by the Governors and by several Reviewers, who have devoted some precious time to reading, commenting and improving the articles

As I have already written in another issue, our Journal provides the opportunity for an international exchange of experiences, knowledge and approaches, which is second to no other Journal. Its readership is scattered all over the world, with extension experts and scientists working within the Academia, the Ministries, several International agencies and many national and international Non Governmental Organizations.

I wish to remind you that the Indian Academy of Agricultural Sciences for scientific assessment has awarded to JES the score of 3.58/5.00, meaning that our Journal belongs to the High Quality Group. This is an important step and hopefully will help also with ISI Thomson.

This second issue of 2014 contains a good number of articles, from three Continents: from Africa, Europe and Asia. They cover a wide variety of subjects and have been elaborated by using very different methodologies. Some articles use qualitative approaches and a limited amount of simple statistics, while other articles are based on advanced econometric methods. Also this variety I think provides useful inputs for our readership. Authors can learn from each other. The long list of references that enriches all articles can provide interested readers with some new ideas for further research.

Prof. Fabio M. SANTUCCI
Academic Editor

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Comparative Assessment of Communication Methods used by Extension Agents in Disseminating Horticultural Innovations in Ikorudo Area, Nigeria

Agbelemoge ADEYANJU, Paul F. OROWOLE
Email: adeyanjuagbclemoge@yahoo.com

This study undertook a comparative assessment of the effectiveness of various extension communication I teaching methods for the adoption of horticultural innovations by farmers. Fourteen Village Extension Agents (VEAs) and 98 fruit and vegetable farmers were randomly selected from lkorodu area of Lagos State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire and an interview schedule were the research instruments used for the data collection. Chi-square analysis was used to test the hypotheses of the study. The results reveal that farm visit, home visit, result demonstration, group meeting, agricultural show and exhibition, method demonstration , farm tour, field day, field trip/excursion, village instructional board and posters are the most appropriate and effective methods. Specifically positive and significant relationship exists between extension communication/teaching methods and (i) adoption of innovations and (ii) gender of farmers in relation to adoption. Significant difference also exists between the effectiveness of the various methods in relation to adoption level. Based on our findings, it is confirmed that the adoption levels depend on methods' effectiveness and some socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and the agents. Hence, prevailing circumstances of the farmers should be taken into consideration in the choice of communication methods and their combination, for increased effectiveness and adoption.

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Influence of Managerial Behaviour on Agricultural Employees' Job Performance

Bolaji G. ABIONA, Michael T. AJAYI, Oluwakemi E. FAPOJUWO
Email: dolace6ng@gmail.com

This study assessed the influence of managerial behaviors on agricultural employees' job perf01mance. Data were collected from 80 randomly selected respondents using a structured questionnaire. Major respondents' perceived managerial behaviors that influence job performance include: management set standards for their employees (3.19/4.00) and leadership encourage teamwork among employees (3.08). Major challenges to respondents' job performance were denial of leave bonus (2.80), inadequate training (2.60) and denial of grants (2,56). A significant relationship was found between employees' perceived managerial behavior (r=0.314; p<0.00) and job performance. Management policies that would positively influence employees' job performance are essential in agricultural organisations.

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Work Conditions and Agricultural Employees' Job Retention in a Federal Agricultural Institution Ogun State, Nigeria

Oluwakemi E. FAPOJUWO, Michael T. AJAYI, Bolaji G. ABIONA
Email: kemifapojuwo@gmail.com

Influence of work conditions on agricultural employees' job retention was studied. Data were from 80 randomly selected respondents. Major incentives for employees' job retention were promotional opportunities (average 3.24/5.00), training opportunities (2.51) and good office space (2.51). Major employees' and management relationship factor for job retention was cordial relationship (1.65). Major constraints affecting employees' job retention were untimely payment of salaries (4.25), delay in promotion (3.95) and no appreciation for hard work (3.90). Significant relationship (p<0.01) exists between working conditions and employees job retention (r =0.376). For adequate employees' job retention, organisations should pay attention to prompt promotion, availability of adequate infrastructure and staff recognition.

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Awareness of Poultry Farmers on Quail Production in Kwara State, Nigeria: Implication for Extension Service Delivery on Protein Nutritional Sustainability

Felix O. OLADIPO, Oluwasogo D. OLORUNFEMI, Lawal L.ADEFALU, Babatunde M. MATANMI, Aladele G. BELLO
Email: davidsoa2003@yahoo.com

This paper examines the awareness of poultry farmers on quail production in Kwara State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information from eighty randomly sampled poultry farmers from the Poultry Association of Nigeria in Kwara State. Majority (75%) of the poultry farmers shows a low awareness level on the characteristics of quail birds and its products. Correlation analysis reveals a significant relationship between the respondents' age, education and their awareness level. It is recommended that extension agencies should improve their efforts on the information and awareness of poultry farmers about quail production.

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Agricultural Advisory Services Between National and Donors' Policy Frameworks in Benin

Ismail MOUMOUNI, Xavier B. MOUZOUN, Aurelle de ROMEMONT, Guy FAURE
Email: ismailmm@gmail.com

In this paper, we wonder whether the implementation of agricultural advisory services (AAS) at grassroots level was influenced by the state, donors, service providers or rather by farmers. We selected three non governn1ent organizations, one farmer organisation and one public organisation providing services under different financing arrangements. We found that donors highly influenced the implementation of services. Operational providers had some degree of freedom for adapting services. Consequently, different providers under the same contractual arrangements could use different strategies to meet farmers' needs. Farmers had less influence on the implementation of AAS. Much is still to be done for a real farmer-led AAS.

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Impact of Agricultural Extension Services on Innovation Adoption in Italy

Marcello De ROSA, Felice ADINOLFI, Fabian CAPITANIO, Renato SALVATORE
Email: mderosa@eco.unicas.it

The paper aims to test the influence of agricultural extension services on the propensity of farms to adopt innovations: the relationship between use of agricultural extension services and innovation adoption in a sample of Italian farms are investigated by means of an econometric model. To emphasise territorial discrepancies, areas with different degrees of rurality and North/South differences are analysed. Our results confirm, on the one hand the goodness of the selected econometric model; on the other hand, they provide for useful normative prescriptions on how improve links between extension adoption and introduction of innovations.

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Potential of Tablet-PCs in Agricultural Education

Donna DEEGAN, Padraig WIMS, Tony PETTIT
Email: donna.dccgan@yahoo.ie

The incorporation of the tablet-PC into the agricultural education system is explored in this paper. Factors that influence students' acceptance or the tablet-PC have been identified and the use of the tablet-PC in facilitating delivery of formal agricultural education has been investigated. Data were obtained through the use of focus group discussions and key observations during a twenty week pilot study. Focus group discussions highlighted students' positive attitude toward the use of the tablet-PC but emphasised their reservations surrounding teachers' ability to operate the tablet-PC smoothly in the classrooms. It was concluded that major barriers to the successful uptake of technology, such as poor Wi-Fi access and inexperience of teachers to deal with technical issues, would need to be addressed in order to successfully integrate the tablet-PC into agricultural education.

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Adoption Level of Demonstrator and Non-Demonstrator Groundnut Growers in Saurashtra Region of Gujarat State

Girish DESHMUKH, Jaydip PATOLIYA
Email: 251girish@gmail.com

The present rate of agricultural production can be doubled if the available modem groundnut production technologies are adopted by farmers. This requires a steady flow of information from the scientist to the millions of farmers. Furthermore, inputs are needed to be used correctly. This is possible through the demonstration, an important and appropriate extension method to disseminate innovations to farmers. The Government of India launched a frontline demonstration programme for oilseed crops, which has played a significant role in increasing the adoption of recommended groundnut production innovations. This research is based on a sample of 120 growers, including both demonstrators and non-demonstrators, representing 46 villages in the Gujarat state. 23.3 percent of demonstrators and 16.67 percent of non-demonstrators show high levels of adoption, respectively followed by 56.67 per cent and 51.66 percent with medium adoption. The characteristics of the demonstrator farmers such as risk orientation and cropping intensity are positively and highly significantly associated with the extent of adoption.

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